ماڵه‌وه‌ > NNSROJ > داعش دەستی بەسەر کارگەیەکی بەرهەمهێنانی چەکی کیماییدا گرتووە

داعش دەستی بەسەر کارگەیەکی بەرهەمهێنانی چەکی کیماییدا گرتووە

NNSROJ: پاش شەڕێکی دە ڕۆژە، چەکدارانی داعش و هۆزە سوننییەکانی دژبەری مالیکی، توانیان پاڵاوگەی نەوتی بێجی بەتەواوی کۆنترۆڵ بکەن.

بێجی گەورەترین پاڵاوگەی نەوتی عێڕاقە و بەشێکی بەرچاو لە سووتەمەنی ئەم وڵاتە دابین دەکات.

لە ڕۆژانی ڕابردووشدا، هەواڵی گیرانەوەی کارگەیەکی بەرهەمهێنانی چەکی کیمیایی لە لایەن داعشەوە بڵاوکرایەوە. بە گوێرەی دەیلی تێلێگراف، ئەو کارگە لەسەردەمی سەددام حوسێندا چەکی کیمیایی لێ بەرهەم هاتووە.

هەواڵنێری واڵ ستریت ژوورناڵ لە زاری سەرچاوە فەرمییە عێڕاقییەکانەوە ڕایگەیاندووە کە ئیمکانی ئەوەی کە داعش بتوانێ کەڵکێکی ئەوتۆ لە کەلوپەلی بەجێماوی ئەو کارگە وەربگرێ کەمە.
م.م.

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  1. : رۆژپڕێس|Rojpress
    24 حوزه‌یران 2014 له‌ 14:00

    Isis storms Saddam-era chemical weapons complex in Iraq
    Facility containing disused stores of sarin and mustard gas overrun by jihadist group
    Tagged and numbered remnants of Iraq’s chemical weapons program at the Muthanna State Establishment
    Tagged and numbered remnants of Iraq’s chemical weapons program at the Muthanna State Establishment in 2002 Photo: GETTY IMAGES
    By Damien McElroy7:58PM BST 19 Jun 2014Comments143 Comments
    The jihadist group bringing terror to Iraq overran a Saddam Hussein chemical weapons complex on Thursday, gaining access to disused stores of hundreds of tonnes of potentially deadly poisons including mustard gas and sarin.
    Isis invaded the al-Muthanna mega-facility 60 miles north of Baghdad in a rapid takeover that the US government said was a matter of concern.
    The facility was notorious in the 1980s and 1990s as the locus of Saddam’s industrial scale efforts to develop a chemical weapons development programme.
    Isis has shown ambitions to seize and use chemical weapons in Syria leading experts to warn last night that the group could turn to improvised weapons to carry out a deadly attack in Iraq.
    Hamish de Bretton-Gordon, a former commander of Britain’s chemical weapons regiment, said that al-Muthanna has large stores of weaponized and bulk mustard gas and sarin, most of which has been put beyond ready use in concrete stores.
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    “It is doubtful that Isis have the expertise to use a fully functioning chemical munition but there are materials on site that could be used in an improvised explosive device,” he told the Telegraph. “We have seen that Isis has used chemicals in explosions in Iraq before and has carried out experiments in Syria.”
    US officials revealed that the group had occupied the sprawling site which has two bunkers encased in a concrete seal. Much of the sarin is believed to be redundant.
    “We remain concerned about the seizure of any military site by the [Isis],” Jen Psaki, the State Department spokeswoman, said. “We do not believe that the complex contains CW materials of military value and it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to safely move the materials.”
    During its peak in the late 1980s to early 1990s, Iraq produced bunkers full of chemical munitions.
    A CIA report on the facility said that 150 tons of mustard were produced each year at the peak from 1983 and pilot-scale production of Sarin began in 1984.
    Its most recent description of al-Muthanna in 2007 paints a disturbing picture of chemicals strewn throughout the area.
    “Two wars, sanctions and UN oversight reduced Iraqi’s premier production facility to a stockpile of old damaged and contaminated chemical munitions (sealed in bunkers), a wasteland full of destroyed chemical munitions, razed structures, and unusable war-ravaged facilities,” it said.
    “Some of the bunkers contained large quantities of unfilled chemical munitions, conventional munitions, one-ton shipping containers, old disabled production equipment and other hazardous industrial chemicals.”
    Britain has previously acknowledgeded that the nature of the material contained in the two bunkers would make the destruction process difficult and technically challenging.
    Under an agreement signed in Baghdad in July 2012, experts from the MOD’s Defence Science and Technology Laboratory were due to provide training to Iraqi personnel in order to help them to dispose of the chemical munitions and agents.
    Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons during the Iran – Iraq War (1980 to 1988) and against the Kurds in Halabja in 1988.
    One US official told the Wall Street Journal yesterday that Isis fighters could be contaminated by the chemicals at the site.
    “The only people who would likely be harmed by these chemical materials would be the people who tried to use or move them,” the military officer said.

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iraq/10913275/Isis-storms-Saddam-era-chemical-weapons-complex-in-Iraq.html

  2. : رۆژپڕێس|Rojpress
  3. : رۆژپڕێس|Rojpress
    24 حوزه‌یران 2014 له‌ 14:02

    Iraq Militants Seize Old Chemical Weapons Facility
    Noah Rayman @noahrayman June 19, 2014
    The weapons that remain are probably useless

    Militants who have advanced across large swaths of Iraq in the past week seized a complex that was once Saddam Hussein’s top chemical-weapons production facility.

    The facility still contains a stockpile of old weapons, but they are contaminated and hard to transport, and officials don’t believe the militants could make a chemical weapon out of them, the Wall Street Journal reports. In the aftermath of the U.S. invasion a decade ago, the U.S.-impaneled Iraq Study Group determined that the facility was sufficiently dismantled and that the remaining chemicals were useless.

    But the capture of the Muthanna complex, roughly 45 miles northwest of Baghdad, highlights the threats from the advancing Sunni forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and its allies.

    “We remain concerned about the seizure of any military site by the [ISIS],” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki told the Journal. “We do not believe that the complex contains CW materials of military value and it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to safely move the materials.”

    [WSJ]
    http://time.com/2901562/iraq-isis-chemical-weapons/

    Iraq: Isis Seizes Saddam Hussein’s Chemical Weapons Storage Facility
    Umberto Bacchi By Umberto Bacchi
    June 19, 2014 17:32 BST
    1541 212
    Share on linkedin

    Iraq Terrorism
    Fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) have taken over large swathes of Iraq.Reuters
    Islamist militants in Iraq have taken over a military complex containing a stockpile of old chemical weapons from Saddam Hussein’s era.

    The US State Department said that they believe jihadist fighters with Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) will not be able to make any use of the material seized at the Al Muthanna complex as it is too old, contaminated and difficult to move.

    “We do not believe that the complex contains CW materials of military value and it would be very difficult, if not impossible to safely move the materials,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki told the Wall Street Journal.

    Iraq Isis Seizes Saddam Hussein Chemical Weapons Al Muthanna complex
    A bunker at Al Muthanna.CIA/MoD
    Psaki however added that the US remained “concerned about the seizure of any military site by the Isis.”

    According to the UK Ministry of Defence, the Al Muthanna chemical complex “was the principal manufacturing plant for both chemical agents and munitions during Saddam Hussein’s rule.”

    The facility, located in the desert some 80km northwest of the Iraqi capital, was used in the 1980s to produce and store chemical weapons, reportedly including Sarin and Mustard Gas.

    “Iraq used these weapons during the Iran – Iraq War (1980 to 1988) and against the Kurds in Halabja in 1988,” the British MoD said in 2012, announcing it was to provide training to Iraqi personnel to dispose partially destroyed chemical munitions and agents stored there.

    Stockpiles of weapons and the complex’s ability to produce new material were severely hampered by the two Iraqi wars.

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    Iraq Formally Calls for US Airstrikes on Isis Militants
    Isis Kidnaps 145 Kurdish Children To ‘Brainwash them into Suicide Bombing’
    “The majority of the Al Muthanna complex was bombed during Desert Storm, completely incapacitating Iraq’s chemical weapon production capabilities, however, large stockpiles of chemical weapons and bulk agent survived,” a 2004 CIA report read.

    Most of Iraq’s chemical munitions were then destroyed and disposed under the supervision of the UN. Some partially destroyed contents were left over and sealed in two bunkers at Al Muthanna.

    The complex has now fallen into the hands of Isis, which has conquered large swathes of Iraq in a lightning campaign backed by Baathists and other former loyalists to Hussein.

    US Military officials said that they would have not left chemical material there after the 2011 pull out, if it represented a security threat.

    “The only people who would likely be harmed by these chemical materials would be the people who tried to use or move them,” a military official said.

    Isis steams form Al-Qaeda in Iraq (Aqi) that was formed in 2003 shortly after the start of the second invasion of Iraq, which was originally launched to strip the regime of Hussein of its alleged stockpiles of chemical weapons.

    http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/iraq-isis-seizes-saddam-husseins-chemical-weapons-storage-facility-1453416

  4. : رۆژپڕێس|Rojpress
    24 حوزه‌یران 2014 له‌ 14:02

    two more links:

    http://www.cbsnews.com/news/iraq-isis-battles-for-baiji-refinery-al-muthanna-chemical-weapons-facility/

    Iraq crisis: Key oil refinery ‘seized by rebels’
    Smoke rises from a oil refinery in Baiji, north of Baghdad. 19 June 2014
    The refinery at Baiji has been a key objective for the Sunni rebels
    Continue reading the main story
    Struggle for Iraq

    End of Maliki?
    Inequality drives rebellion
    Failing state?
    Who are Isis? Watch
    Sunni rebels in Iraq say they have fully captured the country’s main oil refinery at Baiji, north of Baghdad.

    The refinery had been under siege for 10 days with the militant offensive being repulsed several times.

    US Secretary of State John Kerry is in Irbil, northern Iraq, for a second day of talks with the country’s leaders.

    Insurgents, spearheaded by Islamists, have overrun a swathe of territory in the north and west including the second-biggest city, Mosul.

    They are bearing down on a vital dam near Haditha and have captured all border crossings to Syria and Jordan.

    The Baiji refinery, in Salahuddin province, supplies a third of Iraq’s refined fuel and the battle has already led to petrol rationing.

    A rebel spokesman said the complex would now be handed over to local tribes to administer.

    The spokesman said that the advance towards Baghdad would continue.

    Map
    The BBC’s Jim Muir in Irbil, northern Iraq, says the capture of the refinery is essential if the rebels are to keep control of the areas they have conquered and to supply Mosul with energy.

    The US secretary of state vowed “intense and sustained support” for Iraq after meeting key politicians in the capital, Baghdad.

    Jump media playerMedia player helpOut of media player. Press enter to return or tab to continue.
    US Secretary of State John Kerry: “The support will be intense, sustained”
    Mr Kerry said attacks by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) were a threat to Iraq’s existence, and the next days and weeks would be critical.

    Mr Kerry met Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki and also held talks with key Shia and Sunni figures.

    line
    Jim Muir, BBC News, Irbil
    It’s been a really to-and-fro battle for Baiji. Now the rebels say it has finally been decided and they have taken over the whole complex. There are reports that they are now handing the refinery over to local tribes and technicians with the aim of getting fuel production going again. It has been disrupted for several days to huge effect. If true, the capture of the complex would enable the rebels to supply Mosul with energy, which is seen as vital to the viability of the region they are carving out.

    Meanwhile, extremely concentrated political efforts are going on behind the scenes to get the politics in Baghdad right.

    Only then would America wade in and start doing anything physical. There are urgent efforts to get parliament to meet on time on 1 July and to agree in advance who will be the new PM. Everybody I speak to says this will not be Nouri Maliki but one of about three other figures acceptable to Iran and America, which has a key role to play in trying to broker a deal.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27990478

  5. : رۆژپڕێس|Rojpress
    24 حوزه‌یران 2014 له‌ 14:03

    پالایشگاه بیجی ‘به تصرف پیکارجویان درآمد’
    به روز شده: 23:08 گرينويچ – دوشنبه 23 ژوئن 2014 – 02 تیر 1393
    فیسبوک
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    ارسال صفحه
    چاپ مطلب

    درگیری‌های روزهای گذشته در پالایشگاه بیجی با کمبود سوخت در شهرهای عراق همراه شد
    پیکارجویان افراطی در عراق می‌گویند که پالایشگاه بیجی، بزرگ‌ترین پالایشگاه عراق را به طور کامل به تصرف خود درآورده‌اند.
    شبه‌نظامیان داعش در ده روز گذشته پالایشگاه بیجی را محاصره کرده بودند و نیروهای ارتش عراق در چند نوبت توانستند حمله آنها را متوقف کنند.
    موضوعات مرتبط
    عراق
    این پالایشگاه یک سوم سوخت مصرفی در عراق را تامین می‌کند و محاصره آن باعث کمبود سوخت در این کشور شده بود.
    پیکارجویان در روزهای گذشته تسلط خود بر بخش های شمالی و غربی عراق را گسترش داده اند و همه گذرگاه‌های مرزی با اردن و سوریه را تصرف کرده‌اند.
    به گفته یک سخنگوی پیکارجویان، اداره پالایشگاه بیجی به عشیره‌های محلی در استان صلاح‌الدین واگذار خواهد شد.
    به گفته خبرنگاران، تصرف پالایشگاه بیجی برای ادامه تسلط داعش بر مناطق تصرف شده و تامین سوخت شهر موصل حیاتی است.
    جان کری، وزیر امور خارجه آمریکا دوشنبه در بغداد از حمایت “جدی و مداوم” ایالات متحده از نیروهای امنیتی عراق در برابر شبه نظامیان داعش خبر داد.
    به گفته آقای کری حملات شبه‌نظامیان داعش برای بقای عراق خطرناک است و رخدادهای روزها و هفته‌های آتی را حیاتی خواند.
    شبه‌نظامیان داعش در چند روز گذشته بخش‌هایی از استان انبار از جمله دو گذرگاه مهم در مرز سوریه و اردن را به تصرف خود در آورده اند.
    داعش بخش‌هایی از شرق سوریه را در اختیار دارد و با اشغال شهرهای نزدیک به سوریه در عراق، می‌تواند منطقه‌ امنی برای جابجایی مهمات و ادوات جنگی ایجاد کند.
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/world/2014/06/140623_u02_baiji_refinery_seized.shtml

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